Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Theoretical Framework of Business Environment

Unit – 1: Theoretical Framework of Business Environment
Concept: Business Environment
Business is any activity undertaken for the purpose of producing or selling a particular commodity r service and earns a profit. The business has several dimensions such as purchasing the inputs, converting the inputs into the output, selling that output at a profitable price. Every dimension of a business depends upon several factors. Hence a business is influenced by several factors, all them put together are described as Business Environment. A business can grow and prosper in a particular environment just as a plant can grow in a particular soil, climate, water supply etc.  Hence the entrepreneur has to pay attention to the environment in which he has to conduct his business activities. If he is able to adapt his business to the environment effectively and efficiently the business can make higher profits. This makes the study of business environment important.
According to Keith Davis, “Business environment is the aggregate of all conditions, events and influences that surrounds and affects the business.”
According to wheeler, “Business environment is the total of all things external to business firms and industries which affect their organisation and operations.”
Following are the features of Business environment:
Business Environment means a collection of all individuals, entities and other factors, which may or may not be under the control of the organisation, but can affect its performance, profitability, growth and even survival. Every business organisation operates in a distinctive environment, as it cannot exist in isolation. Such an environment influence business and also gets affected by its activities. Some of the important features of business environment are given below:

Friday, August 11, 2017

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Business Communication - I (November' 2016)

2016 (November)
COMMERCE
(General/Speciality)
Course: 101
(Business Communication - I)
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(NEW COURSE)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24

1. Select the right alternatives of the following:                                                 1x4=4
a)      Encoding is the process in which
                     i.            The sender writes down the message in Morse code.
                   ii.            The sender converts the ideas into a message.
                  iii.            The receiver writes the message in brief.

b)      Mental turbulence refers to
                     i.            Inability to understand.
                   ii.            Confusion in the mind of the receiver.
                  iii.            Confusion in the mind of the sender.

c)       Seminars are a popular instance of ____ forum in modern-day business world.

Wednesday, August 09, 2017

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Business Environment (November 2016)

2016 (November)
COMMERCE
(General/Speciality)
Course: 104
(Business Environment)
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(NEW COURSE)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24
Time: 3 hours

1. Answer as directed:                                                   1x8=8
a)      Mention any one of the elements of Indian business environment.
b)      Economic growth always increases welfare. (Write True or False)
c)       Mention one objective of economic growth.
d)      Write one cause of industrial sickness.
e)      Mention one advantage of privatization.
f)       In which year was the World Trade Organization set up?
g)      Write the full form of SEZ.
h)      Write the full form of SAFTA.
2. Write short notes on the following:                                                    4x4=16
a)      Internal factors of business environment.
b)      Major achievements of the World Bank.
c)       Phases of business cycle.

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Financial Accounting (November' 2016)

2016 (November)
COMMERCE
(General/Speciality)
Course: 103
(Financial Accounting)
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(NEW COURSE)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24
Time: 3 hours
1. (a) Fill in the blanks:                                                                                                   1x4=4
a)      Accounting Standard ____ deals with Depreciation Accounting.
b)      The total amount to be paid by the buyer under hire-purchase system is called ____ price.
c)       Under Stock and Debtors system, Branch Stock Account is a ____ account.
d)      Royalty paid on sales is debited to ____ Account.
    (b) Write ‘True’ or ‘False’:                                                                                        1x4=4
a)      Loss of stock by fire is shown on the credit side of Profit and Loss Account.
b)      Cost of goods sold on hire-purchase is transferred to Hire-Purchase Trading Account.

Monday, August 07, 2017

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Public Finance (November' 2016)

2016 (November)
COMMERCE
(General/Speciality)
Course: 501 (Public Finance)
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(NEW COURSE)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24
Time: 3 hours
1. Answer the following questions:                                          1x8=8
a)      What is ‘Public Finance’?
b)      Name the economist who named principles of public finance as ‘Principle of Maximum Social Advantage’.
c)       What do you mean by ‘budget’?
d)      Write the full form of CAGI.
e)      Mention one canon of taxation.
f)       Mention one demerit of indirect tax.
g)      Mention any one difference between public expenditure and private expenditure.
h)      What is ‘deficit financing’?




2. Write short notes on:                                                                4x4=16
a)      Scope of Public Finance.
b)      Performance Budget.
c)       Non-tax Revenue.
d)      Canons of Public Expenditure.

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Business Laws/BRFW (November' 2015)

2015 (November)
COMMERCE
(General/Speciality)
Course: 102
(Business Laws)
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(NEW COURSE)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24

Time: 3 hours

1. Fill in the blanks:                                                          1x4=4
a)      A contract is not ____ by commercial impossibility.
b)      Indian Contract Act was enacted in ____.
c)       A sale is an ____ contract.
d)      State Commission can entertain complaints of goods/services up to Rs. ____.

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Business Laws/BRFW (Nov' 2016)

2016 (November)
COMMERCE
(General/Speciality)
Course: 102
(Business Laws)
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(NEW COURSE)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24
Time: 3 hours
1. (a) Elucidate the essential elements of a valid contract.                                                             14
Or
(b) Define consideration. Explain the rules regarding consideration.                                        3+11=14

Saturday, July 29, 2017

Kalyani Publishers Financial Management Book Solution - Leverage

1.
Income Statement
Particulars
Amount
(i) Sales
Less: Variable Cost
50,000
25,000
(ii) Contribution
Less: Fixed Cost
25,000
15,000
(iii) EBIT
Less: Interest
10,000
5,000
(iv) EBT
5,000


Sunday, July 16, 2017

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Financial Management (November' 2016)

2016
(November)
COMMERCE
(Speciality)
Course: 302
(Financial Management)
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(New Course)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24
Time: 3 hours

1. (a) Fill in the blanks:                                   1x4=4
a)      Financial function is the most important of all ____ functions.
b)      ____ working capital helps in maintaining solvency of the business by providing uninterrupted flow of production.
c)       Cost of capital is the ____ rate of return expected by its investors.
d)      The value of the firm can be maximized, if the shareholders’ wealth is ____.

(b) Write ‘True’ or ‘False’:                            1x4=4
a)      ‘Finance’ has been rightly termed as universal lubricant which keeps the enterprise dynamic.
b)      Working capital is also known as revolving or circulating capital.
c)       Operating Leverage x Composite Leverage = Financial Leverage.
d)      Payment of dividend at the usual rate is termed as regular dividend.

Dibrugarh University Question Papers: Advanced Financial Accounting (November' 2016)

2016
(November)
COMMERCE
(Speciality)
Course: 301
(Advanced Financial Accounting)
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(New Course)
Full Marks: 80
Pass Marks: 24
Time: 3 hours

1. (a) Write True or False:                                             1x4=4
a)      Banking companies are governed by the Banking Regulations Act, 1949.
b)      Life Assurance Fund represents profit of the life insurance companies.
c)       General insurance includes all types of insurance.
d)      Cum-dividend price is not the real price of investment.
(b) Fill in the blanks:                                                        1x4=4
a)      A bank can open a branch only at the permission of the ____.
b)      Consideration for annuities granted is a source of ____ for a life insurance company.
c)       In case of marine insurance, the provision against unexpired risk is maintained at ____% of the net premium.
d)      Investment Account is a ____ Account.

2. Write short notes on any four of the following:                                             4x4=16

Monday, June 19, 2017

AHSEC - Class 12 Question Papers: Mathematics' 2016

2016
MATHEMATICS
Full Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 30

Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Answer the following questions: 1x10=10
  1. Let. For, let if and only if. Write down as a subset of.
  2. What is the domain of the function?
  3. If, find.
  4. For what value of, the matrix is not invertible?
  5. If A is a square matrix of order 3 such that, find.

AHSEC - Class 12 Question Papers: Mathematics'2015;

2015
MATHEMATICS
Full Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 30

Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Answer the following questions: 1x10=10
  1. If, what is the number of relations on?
  2. Find the principal value of.
  3. If, what is the order of the matrix?
  4. If is a nonsingular matrix such that, what is?
  5. What is the co-factor of 7 in the determinant
  6. Is the derivative of an even function even?

AHSEC - Class 12 Question Papers: Mathematics' 2014

2014
MATHEMATICS
Full Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 30

Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

1. Answer the following questions: 1x10=10
  1. Is multiplication a binary operation on the set {0}
  2. If write down the value of.
  3. If A be a square matrix of order 2 whose determinant is , find the value of
  4. What is the number of all possible matrices with entries 0 or 1?
  5. If be two matrices and then what is the relation among?
  6. What is the value of if a function is continuous at and?
  7. State whether it is true or false: “The derivative of an even function is always an even function”.

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