Full Marks: 90
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions.
1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
Mahatma Gandhi has laid great stress on Satyagraha in his thoughts. Satyagraha means pursuance of truth. It means striving for truth even by undergoing physical pain. Gandhi relied on the methods of non-violence to strive for truth. Thus it was agreeable to him to suffer physical hardship for the sake of truth. He used to accept Satyagraha not simply as a means but as a principle by itself. He himself had written that Satyagraha is a spiritual principle based on love for mankind. There is no feeling of hatred towards the opponents in it. He used to regard Satyagraha as the most potent force. In ‘Hind Swaraj’ he wrote, “Passive resistance (Satyagraha) is an all-sided sword, it can be used anyhow. It blesses him who uses it and him against whom it is used without drawing a drop of bold. It produces far reaching results. It never rusts and cannot be stolen.”
Gandhi considered four conditions to be necessary for a Satyagraha. He stated, ‘After a great deal of experience it seems to me that those who want to become passive resisters for service of the country have to (1) observe perfect chastity, (2) adopt poverty, (3) follow truth and (4) cultivate fearlessness.
Gandhi used to give enough stress on morality. In his view truth was the essence of morality.
Gandhi laid great stress on non-violence along with truth. He used to consider non-violence as a symbol of strength rather than of cowardice. On 11 August 1946 he wrote in ‘Young India’. “Even if non-violence means taking hardship consciously in a constructive manner, nevertheless this principle does not support surrendering oneself before the tormentor. On the contrary, it encourages one to face a tormentor with full soul force”. Elsewhere he said, “I believe that non-violence has the power to solve all problems. At the same time I have this faith that if any country in the world can find a solution to all problems through non-violence, it is only India.
(a) What is Satyagraha? 1
(b) What did Gandhi write about Satyagraha in ‘Hind Swaraj’? 2
(c) What, according to Gandhi, are the four conditions necessary for the success of Satyagraha? 2
(d) What are the views of Gandhi on non-violence? 3
(e) In which country can one find a solution to all problems through non-violence? 1
(f) Pick out words from the passage that mean: 1x3=3
(ii) Fear or lack of courage.
(iii) A person who causes somebody to suffer.
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
a) How does television affect our lives? It can be very helpful to people who carefully choose the shows that they watch. Television can increase our knowledge of the outside world; there are high quality programs that help us understand many fields of study such as science, medicine, the arts and so on. Moreover, television benefits very old people who cannot often leave the house as well as patients in hospitals. It also offers non-native speakers the advantages of daily informal language practice. They can increase their vocabulary and practice listening.
b) On the other hand, there are several serious disadvantages of television. Of course, it provides us with a pleasant way to relax and spend our free time, but in some countries, people watch the ‘boob-tube’ for an average of six hours or more a day. Many children stare at a television screen for more hours each day than they do anything else, including studying and sleeping. It’s clear that the tube has a powerful influence on their lives and that its influence is often negative.
c) Recent studies show that after only thirty seconds of television watching, a person’s brain ‘relaxes’ the same way that it does just before the person falls asleep. Another effect of television on the human brain is that it seems to cause poor concentration. Children who view a lot of television can often concentrate on a subject for only 15 to 20 minutes.
d) Another disadvantage is that television often causes people to become dissatisfied with their own lives. Real life does not seem as exciting to these people as the lives of actors on the screen. To many people, television becomes more real than reality and their own lives seem boring. Also many people get upset or depressed when they cannot solve problems in real life as quickly as television actors seem to.
e) Before a child is 14 years old, he or she views eleven thousand murders on the tube. He or she begins to believe that there is nothing strange about fights, killings and other kinds of violence. Many studies show that people become more violent after certain programmes. They may even do things that they have seen in a violent show.
f) The most negative effect of the ‘boob-tube’ might be people’s addiction to it. People often face a strange and powerful need to watch television even when they do not enjoy it. Addiction to a television screen is similar to drug or alcohol addiction. People almost never believe they are addicted.
a) On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it, using recognizable abbreviations wherever necessary. Add a suitable title to it.
b) Make a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.
SECTION B – Writing.
3. There was a cultural function in your school / college on the occasion of school / College Annual Day. Prepare a report to be published in the Assam Tribune.
Describe the process of stitching up a cloth bag to your friend. Use the following clues to describe the process:
A pair of scissors, beads – needle or thread or sewing machine – thick cotton cloth at least one metre in length. 5
4. You are asked to address the morning assembly of your school on the topic “Value of Games and Sports”. Prepare a speech in 100 – 150 words. 5
The use of plastic is not eco-friendly. Things made of plastic are not biodegradable. Write an article on the topic “Say No to Plastic!” in 100 – 150 words. 5
5. You are Ranjan / Ranjana. You have come across an advertisement in local daily regarding a situation vacant for the post of Assistant Teacher in a school at Jorhat. Write an application to the Headmaster of the school submitting your candidature for the same. Mention other relevant details. 10
There is no bus-stop within a radius of 2 kms from your locality, causing a lot of inconvenience to the residents. Write a letter to the Editor of “The Telegraph” drawing attention of the authorities concerned to this problem. You are Mrinal / Malini. 10
SECTION C – Grammar
6. Rewrite the following sentences after making necessary correction of errors: (any four) 1x4=4
(a) Everybody have to work.
(b) She said she will take care of the baby.
(c) One should learn how to read and write in this mother language.
(d) He left the hostel with bag and baggage.
(e) He is a MA in History.
(f) My mother never listens what I say.
7. Rearrange the words and phrases of the following to form meaningful sentences: (any two) 1x2=2
(a) He has yet not from retuned school.
(b) Mahesh not know swim does to how.
(c) Are harmless to people most bats.
(d) People among had up lined road the.
8. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb given in the brackets: (any four) 1x4=4
(a) I wish I ____ a king. (be)
(b) The earth ____ round the sun. (revolve)
(c) It ____ since morning. (rain)
(d) The Prime Minister ____ here tomorrow. (come)
(e) If you came here, you ____ him. (see)
SECTION D – Textual Questions
9. Read one of the stanzas given below and answer the questions that follow:
(a) The cardboard shows me how it was
When the two girl cousins went paddling,
Each one holding one of my mother’s hands,
And she the big girl – some twelve years or so,
(i) What does the cardboard show the poet? 1
(ii) How did the girls go to the sea beach? 1
(iii) Why did the two girl cousins hold one of the poet’s mother’s hands? How old was the poet’s mother? 1+1=2
(iv) Who clicked the three girls in the cardboard? 1
(b) When did may childhood go?
Was it the day I ceased to be eleven.
Was it the time I realised that Hell and Heaven,
Could not be found in Geography,
And therefore could not be,
What that the day!
(i) What is the poet asking for? 1
(ii) What does ‘Hell and Heaven’ stand for? 1
(iii) What phase of life does the stanza reveal? 1
(iv) How does the poet describe the process of being grown up? 2
10. Answer any two of the following questions: 2x2=4
(a) Why would the poet’s mother laugh at the snapshot?
(b) How is the cyclic movement of rain brought out in the poem ‘The Voice of The Rain’?
(c) In the poem ‘Childhood’, the poet asks to questions – One is about the time and the other about the place. Why does he ask these questions?
(d) What is the father’s greatest wish for his son?
11. Answer any five of the following questions briefly: 3x5=15
(a) How did the sparrows react to the death of the author’s grandmother?
(b) What is the difference between village school education and urban school education as brought out in the lesson ‘The Portrait of a Lady’?
(c) Describe the boat which was made for undertaking the voyage in the lesson ‘We are Not Afraid to Die … if we can All be Together’.
(d) Why was Howard Carter’s investigation resented?
(e) What do you understand by the concept of ‘sustainable development’ as explained in ‘The Ailing Planet : The Green Movement’s Role’?
(f) What is the role of industries in the preservation of the environment?
(g) Why does Taplow say Mr. Crocker-Harris cannot be a sadist?
(h) Describe the contrast the features of the Chinese and the European Art landscapes.
(i) What does Verrier Elwin have to say to the hill people to Assam?
(j) How do East Africans and Indian differ in their attitude to animals?
12. Answer any one of the following questions: 6x1=6
(a) Cite reasons to validate whether the distancing relationship between the author and his grandmother was deliberate or beyond their control.
(b) What is the Daoist concept of ‘Shanshui’ and Daoist view of the universe?
(c) “We have not inherited this Earth from our forefathers; we have borrowed it from our children” Justify this statement.
(d) Compare and contrast Verrier Elwin’s views regarding his visits to the Game Sanctuaries of Kenya and Tanganyka on the other hand and Kaziranga on the other.
13. Answer any one of the following questions: 6x1=6
(a) ‘Mourad was the natural descendant of the crazy streak of uncle Khosrove’. Explain the statement giving instances from the story, ‘The Summer of the Beautiful While Horse’.
(b) “Have you come back?” said the woman. “I thought on one had come back”. Does this statement give some clues about the story? If yes, what are they?
(c) ‘English integrates India as a nation or it belittles the expressions of native speakers’. Elucidate the examples from the lesson ‘Ranga’s marriage.’
(d) Describe the circumstances leading to Albert getting a medical certificate issued declaring him unfit to continue school.
14. Answer any two of the following questions in brief: 2x2=4
(a) Describe the quality of the mangoes of Hoshalli Village.
(b) What was the Mathematics teacher Koch’s opinion about Albert’s Mathematical knowledge?
(c) What is Cyril’s prime fault as expressed by Mrs. Pearson?
(d) Why was Joe and Susan Morgan’s case special for Andrews?
(e) Cite one instance of irony from the poem, ‘The Tale of Melon City’.
(f) Was Ratna a victim of the arranged marriage system?