Concept of Research – Meaning, Characteristics and objectives
Introduction: Research is an art of scientific investigation. Research covers the search for and retrieval of information for a specific purpose. Research has many categories, from medical research to literary research. Basically research is a search for truth with the help of some study, observation, comparison and experiments. It is search for knowledge with the help of objective and systematic method of finding solution to a problem.
Meaning of Research: Research in common man’s language refers to “search for knowledge”. Research is simply the process of finding solution to a problem after a complete study and analysis of situational factors.
Research is purposeful investigation. It provides a structure for decision making. It provides an analytical framework for the subject matter of investigation. It establishes the relationship between different variables, especially the relationship of the dependent variable with the valuable independent variables. In short, the search for knowledge through objective and systematic method of finding solution to a problem is research. Research is required because of the following reasons:
Ø To identify and find solutions to the problems.
Ø To help making decisions.
Ø To develop new concepts.
Ø To find alternative strategies.
1) To identify and find solutions to the problems: Research is required to understand the problems in depth. For example: