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Saturday, December 02, 2017

AHSEC - Class 12 Question Papers: Political Science' 2012

Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions
(For New Course)
Contemporary World Politics
1. Answer the following: 1x6=6
  1. When did Cold War begin?
  2. How many members signed in UN Charter when it was set up?
  3. Write the full form of SAARC.
  4. When did India start its economic reform?
  5. Who was the leader of Communist Revolution in China?
  6. Which event does ‘9/11’ refer to in the context of contemporary world politics?
2. Write the names of permanent members of UN Security Council. 2
3. What are the causes of globalization? 2
4. Name the two places where atom bombs were dropped in the Second World War. 2
5. Mention two reforms which President Gorbachev initiated in the USSR. 2
6. Environmental issues have become a matter of serious concern in global politics. Why? 2
7. Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan from ____ to ____. (Fill in the blanks) 2
8. Discuss the role of Non Aligned Movement (NAM) during the Cold War era. 4
9. What are the four components of traditional notion of security from external threats? Give examples. 4
10. Briefly discuss about the consequences of disintegration of the USSR. 4
11. What is meant by ‘Global Commons’? Suggest two steps for protection of ‘Global Commons’. 1+3=4
12. In which year the World Bank was created? Discuss its activities. 1+3=4
13. What are different types of hegemony? Give examples of each of them. 3+3=6
Discuss the role and limitation of SAARC as a forum of regional cooperation. 4+2=6

14. Write a note on India-China relations. 6
What changes occurred in United Nations Organization (UNO) after the Cold War? 6

Politics in India since Independence

15. Answer the following: 1x6
  1. In India, which decade was labeled as the ‘dangerous decade’?
  2. Name the leader of Narmada Bachao Andolan.
  3. Which party led the National Democratic Alliance (NDA)?
  4. When did the first Five Year Plan Start?
(Choose the correct answer)
  1. 1961
  2. 1965
  3. 1951
  4. 1975
  1. Name the Indian President who proclaimed Emergency in 1975.
  2. Name the two cities which became divided into ‘Communal Zones’ at the time of partition.
16. What was Bombay Plan? 2
17. Who introduced twenty point programme and why? 1+1=2
18. When and why Mandal issue was raised in Indian Politics? 1+1=2
19. What does the word ‘Political Earthquake’ signifies in Indian Politics? 2
20. Mention two important basic principles of India’s Foreign Policy. 2
21. On which date was the draft of the Indian Constitution signed and when it came into force? 1+1=2
22. Write any four features of coalition government. 4
23. Discuss briefly the two challenges that India had to face immediately after independence. 2+2=4
24. What is meant by Emergency? Write any one effect of the declaration of emergency due to internal disturbances. 2+2=4
25. Mention any four regional parties of India. 4
26. Would you consider the anti-arrack movement as a Women’s movement? Why? 1+3=4
27. Who was the architect of India’s Foreign Policy? Explain the basic objectives of Jawaharlal Nehru’s foreign policy. 1+5=6
Explain the Congress dominance in the first three general elections. 6
28. When was the Planning Commission set up in India? Discuss its role. 1+5=6
Explain any three main outcome of Lok Sabha election of 1977. 6

(For Old Course)
PART – I: Political Theory

29. Answer the following: 1x5=5
  1. What is the main basis of Nation?
  2. ‘Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty’. Who said this?
  3. ‘Universal teaching must precede universal enfranchisement’. – Who made this statement?
  4. Mention one important feature of the parliamentary form of government.
  5. Direct democracy prevailed in the ancient days in:
  1. India
  2. Greece
  3. China
  4. Egypt
30. Write two essential functions of a welfare state. 2
31. Write two demerits of direct election. 2
32. Mention two merits of presidential form government. 2
33. Mention two functions of Executive. 2
34. Mention two principles of Gandhism. 2
35. Mention two basic principles of Marxism. 2
36. Write three essential functions of the state. 3
37. Write three characteristics of democracy. 3
38. Mention three demerits of dictatorship. 3
39. Mention three organs of government. 3
40. Mention three kinds of equality. 3

41. What is a Nation? Write two points of differences between Nation and Nationality. 2+2=4
42. Give two arguments in favour of and two arguments against the concept of Individualism. 2+2=4
43. What is Socialism? Explain three merits of Socialism. 2+3=5
Write five sources of Law. 5
44. Discuss the composition and functions of Legislature. 5
Mention five points of differences between Federal and Unitary Government. 5

PART – II: Indian Constitution

45. Answer the following: 1x5=5
  1. Who can nominate members to the Parliament?
  2. Who presides over the joint session of the Union Parliament?
  3. Which Government in India enjoys the residuary powers?
  4. Is India a supporter of colonialism?
  5. Which Article of the Indian Constitution provides for constitutional amendment?
46. Mention two qualifications of a member of the Lok Sabha. 2
47. How is the Chief Minister of a state appointed? 2
48. Mention two federal features of the Indian Constitution. 2
49. Mention two causes of regional imbalance. 2
50. What are the two essential qualifications for the Judges of a High Court? 2
51. Name two Union Territories of India. 2
52. Mention three ingredients of Foreign Policy of India. 3
53. Write three main challenges before Indian Democracy. 3
54. Mention three important legislative powers of the Governor of a state. 3
55. Mention the three methods of amendment of the Indian Constitution. 3
56. Write a note on the Speaker of the State Legislative Assembly. 3
57. What do you understand by National Integration? Suggest two measures for strengthening National Integration in India. 2+2=4
58. Discuss the role of the Prime Minister of India. 4
59. Explain the executive powers of the President of India. 5
Describe the powers and functions of the Supreme Court of India. 5
60. How is the Vice-President of India elected? Write briefly his powers and functions. 2+3=5
Discuss the relationship between the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. 5